How the Electoral College Works In America
Every December after elections, the electors representing each state meet at their capitals to vote for president and vice president. Their votes are sealed and sent to the Senate of the president where they are opened and read in January in the presence of the Congress from both houses. The winner is then sworn in by December 20th (Miller, R. 2011). Frequently, the electors choose the candidates with most votes from the citizens, but there have been times when the electors have elected against the will of the citizens (Levin-Waldman, 2011).
Arguments have been made in favor and against the Electoral College process. Reformers argue that the process is against democracy. For instance, three votes in Wyoming State with a small population are similar to three votes of California with a population 50 times more than that of Wyoming. Also, they argue that some elections are decided by courts which take away the citizens’ electoral right. On the other hand, support of the Electoral Process especially from the small states says that the president would never bother to visit their states since he would visit states with a high number of voters. Arthur Schlesinger Jr. also supports the process saying the third parties would disunite America (Historynewsnetwork.org., 2016).
Arthur Schlesinger Jr. calls for amendment of the process rather than abolishing it. He proposes that the popular winner of each state has two extra votes. This would ensure democracy and eliminate the weight and powers given to small states. Undoubtedly this would ensure that large states and small states have a voting right depending on its population, thus, democracy (Human Events, 2016).
Historynewsnetwork.org. (2016). What Are the Arguments Made in Favor--And Against--the Electoral College?. [online] Available at: http://historynewsnetwork.org/article/8163 [Accessed 14 Apr. 2016].
Human Events. (2016). GOP Leaders United in Defense of Electoral College | Human Events. [online] Available at: http://humanevents.com/2011/05/18/gop-leaders-united-in-defense-of-electoral-college/ [Accessed 14 Apr. 2016].
Levin-Waldman, O. (2011). The American constitution. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
Miller, R. (2011). The electoral college. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers.